# State Law of Floatation

In Olympic swimming competitions, it is possible to swim over a floating pool if you stretch your body flat on the water to create balance, but the same person will sink if the arms are wrapped around the legs and curl up into a ball. The reason for this event is made possible by the fact that flotation has to do with the amount of water pressed against the submerged object. This phenomenon can be explained simply by Archimedes` principle. When a body floats in a liquid, the weight of the liquid displaced by its submerged part is equal to the total weight of the body. This is the law of flotation, that is to say during swimming the weight of the floating body = weight of the liquid displaced by its submerged part. Archimedes` principle and the principle of flotation confuse people. Are these two principles the same or different? That was a crucial question that people were asking. What makes a gigantic structure float across the sea like a ship is another mystery. I also imagine a ship weighing hundreds of pounds floating on the water, given the weight of the loads it carries, while even half the weight of the load sinks when thrown overboard. Archimedes` principle, called the physical law of buoyancy, was discovered by the ancient Greek inventor and mathematician Archimedes.

The principle says so; The upward buoyancy force directed at a body totally or partially immersed in a liquid is equal to the weight of the liquid displaced by the weight of the body acting upwards in the center of mass of the displaced fluid. This principle explains that the volume of the liquid displaced is equal to the volume of an object completely immersed in a liquid, or to the part or fraction of the volume immersed for an object partially immersed in a liquid, since the density of the fluid is constant. What is the reason for ice flotation on waterFlotation lawsA body floats in a liquid when:1. The density of the body material is less than or equal to the density of the liquid.2. When the density of the body material is equal to the density of the fluid, the body floats completely in the liquid in neutral equilibrium.3. When the body floats in neutral equilibrium, the weight of the body is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.4. The center of gravity of the body and the center of gravity of the fluid displaced must be in a vertical line. We now understand the center of buoyancy and the metacenter of buoyancy: the center of gravity of the fluid moved by a body is called the center of buoyancy. Metacenter: When a floater is slightly out of balance, the center of buoyancy shifts.

The point where the vertical line passing through the new position of the center of buoyancy meets the starting line is called the metacenter. What are the conditions for a stable balance of the floater?a. The metacenter must always be higher than the center of gravity of the body.b. The line connecting the centre of gravity of the body and the point of flow shall be vertical. We know that density is mass per unit volume. Its S.I unit is kg/m3 and the relative density is the density of the material per water density at four degrees Celsius. The relative density is measured with the hydrometer. – The density of seawater is higher than that of normal water. Therefore, it is easier to swim in seawater.- When ice floats in water, its part remains 1/10 outside the water.- When ice floating in a container in the water melts, the water level in the container does not change.- The purity of the milk is measured with a lactometer. From the article we learned what flotation is, how can we swim, why some objects float instead of sinking, what are the laws of flotation, etc. Although related, the principle of flotation and the concept that a submerged object displaces a volume of liquid equal to its own volume are not Archimedes` principle.

The Archimedean principle mentioned above equates buoyancy force with the weight of the displaced liquid. www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-archimedes-principle-and-principle-of-floatation www.britannica.com/science/Archimedes-principle www.britannica.com/technology/ship#ref528206 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archimedes%27_principle physics.weber.edu/carroll/archimedes/principle.htm principle of Archimedes states that the buoyancy force exerted on a body immersed in a liquid, in whole or in part, is equal to the weight. fluid that the body moves.  Archimedes` principle is a fundamental physical law of fluid mechanics. It was formulated by Archimedes of Syracuse.  Archimedes` principle shows the buoyancy and displacement of the fluid. However, the concept of Archimedes` principle can be applied to determine why objects float. Thesis 5 of Archimedes` treatise On Floating Bodies states that Archimedes, the ancient Greek scientist, was the first to explain the principle of flotation. According to him, all objects placed in a liquid undergo an upward force that allows the body to float as it moves water with a weight equal to the weight of the body. This upward force is known as buoyancy force and the law is known as the law of buoyancy.

Fluidity depends mainly on density. If an object has a density lower than the density of water, it floats. Like the leaf of a plant floats on water because the density of the leaf is less than the density of water. A stone thrown into water sinks because the density of the stone is greater than the density of the water. Have you ever thought of a ship weighing tons floating while a needle sinks? This can be explained as follows: a ship is made of iron and steel, but has a lot of space filled with air.